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Brezno

4.7
Caves · National Parks · Ski Areas
Brezno is a town in central Slovakia, with a population of 21,534 (2013).GeographyBrezno is located within the Horehronské podolie basin. Brezno lies between Low Tatras mountain range and the Slovak Ore Mountains. The river Hron flows through town. The city of Banská Bystrica is approximately 45km west. The local climate in the basin is rather cold, with an annual average of 6.6C and an annual precipitation of 700-.HistoryThe place has been inhabited since prehistoric times, but the current town arose from an old Slovak settlement, next to which newly arrived German miners erected a typical square market in the early 13th century. The first written evidence of the town's existence is dated 1265 when King Béla IV of Hungary issued a charter for the hunters from the area of Liptov allowing them to use woods around the settlement, known as Berezuno. The name is derived from the Slovak word "breza" for birch. In the nineteenth century Brezno was a typical almost purely Slovak town and was one of the centres of the Slovak national movement.After the Second World War the town has developed into an industrial town with by far the largest share taken by a construction company: Mostaren Brezno which specialised itself with crane construction for whole Central Europe. In early '90s the construction company exited from business causing high unemployment in whole region. From late '90s Brezno built a large retail sector and promoted itself and whole region as a tourist destination where sports games and events such as Biathlon World cup or European golf cup are regularly held.
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